We’ve seen them in cartoons. Old or middle aged men in cartoons have bulbous and red noses that could match Rudolph’s. Even Snow White’s seven dwarfs all have noses like this. But did you know that these red noses can really happen?
Alcohol use has many undesired effects, including permanent damages to our bodies. Red big noses are believed to be one of the effects of alcohol use. This is why the condition is nicknamed as the “drinker’s nose”. But the proper term for this condition is rhinophyma.
Introduction to Rhinophyma
A large, red and bumpy nose is caused by a skin disorder called rhinophyma. Rhinophyma is categorized as a subtype 3 rosacea, otherwise known as phymatous rosacea. Phymatous rosacea causes inflammatory on the skin, resulting in irregular redness and flushing. It may also cause small, red bumps with pus to appear on the face.
Rhinophyma occurs gradually for years. This is more common in men between the ages of 50 to 70 years. The result of rhinophyma often causes the largeness of the lower half of the nose.
What causes Rhinophyma?
While it’s common belief that excessive alcohol consumption can cause rhinophyma, there is also the belief that it is the result of untreated rosacea. Rosacea is a common and chronic skin condition that causes redness of the skin with pustules on the face. Phymatous rosacea occurs when there is thickening of the affected skin, usually on the face.
Rhinophyma is known to happen more commonly to men than to women. Studies show that the following have a higher risk of rhinophyma and rosacea:
People with fair skin
People with a family history of rosacea
People with Irish, English, Scottish, Scandinavian or Eastern European racial background
Symptoms of Rhinophyma
The first symptoms can happen between the ages of 25 to 50. Rhinophyma often starts during severe cases of rosacea. While it’s still In less severe stages, the symptoms may include:
Random facial flushing
Recurrent bumps and pimples similar to acne
Red, blotchy areas in the center of the face
Swelling of tiny blood vessels on the nose and cheeks, known as telangiectasia
Burning or gritty feeling in the eyes known as ocular rosacea. This may be accompanied by conjunctivitis and inflammation of the eyelid.
It’s best to seek the doctor’s advice when these symptoms appear. This can help treat the condition before it becomes severe.
Treatments for Rhinophyma
The good news is that rhinophyma can be treated. This can be done either with medicines or with surgery.
Medicines can be used when the condition is not yet severe. Severe rhinophyma may not respond to medicines. Medicinal treatments of rhinophyma include topical and oral medications and antibiotics. Surgery is advisable for severe cases of rhinophyma. It is also considered the most effective option for long-term effects.
Ask your doctor which option is best for your condition.
While there’s no definite proof that the drinker’s nose is caused by excess alcohol consumption, it’s still better to keep alcohol use in moderation. Alcohol abuse still has many negative effects on our bodies that are proven.
If symptoms of rosacea and rhinophyma occur, consult your doctor immediately.
Social networks can be wonderful tools to experience friendship, develop matrimonial relationships, learn about new ways of seeing things, and even for healing. One of the stories from a social network site concerned a woman who was engaged to a military man with a PTSD diagnosis. A month before they were to be married he shot himself. Now she continually struggles with anger and resentment for his leaving her here alone. Additionally, she has repeated this grief and anger process on the anniversary of his death every year for the last seven years. This is not an isolated story.
There are many people who have been affected by PTSD sufferers, and many did not know that PTSD was involved. A reasonably suspect PTSD case occurred for another social network site woman who nearly died from a surprise knife attack by her fiancée about 2 ½ months before their wedding after he had had only a couple of drinks and returned home. So being open and it is possible to listen to stories of the real world, as well as the make believe social network world.
A PTSD Survivor’s Treatment Overview
Social networks are about enjoyment so how do you begin the discussion of what PTSD is doing to your life or the life of someone you love. Here is a summary of what a PTSD survivor, who spent nearly six years in treatment, thinks people should know.
PTSD is not just a result of a bomb exploding in a war zone. People experience if from many other sources: multiple hits to the head from beatings or auto accidents, natural disasters such as lightening strikes or earthquakes for instance.
PTSD occurs because something happens that is not in the victim’s control, it is unexpected and generally unpredictable.
It seems that with PTSD, at least in some cases, the person’s brain structure is somehow altered because of the trauma and probably in the way it handles teh chemicals, neurotransmitters, already in the brain.
With PTSD there is an inability to handle emotional responses that previously had been managed easily or comfortably. These are important to understand because the indicate that effective treatment must include several approaches.
Why the Types of Treatments: Resting the Brain
Primary in importance, from this survivors’ perspective, is restoring the normal operations of the brain. This frequently means getting sleep to allow the natural healing and de-stressing processes to occur.
Consequently, prescription sleeping medications can be given. There is goodness in having sleep, even from medications. First, it may help get some relief from the traumatic onslaught because you are asleep. Second, the thought pressure lessens after a good night’s sleep, even though the nights may be few and far apart.
Next is the need to stop the recurrent feelings about a similar event occurring spontaneously, just like the one(s) that happened before. Here too medication can be very effective. In some cases specific medications are used as part of a PTSD protocol, but in certain cases, based on symptoms the physician may vary from the protocol and use other medications. The medication duration may be a few years, in others — some PTSD people have told me, their doctors talk about lifetime medications. The issue is not medication duration, but effectiveness. So take it.
The main person for this story also used acupuncture to deal with stress, a vacation that included a cruise of several days, and vitamin and mineral supplements to replace what the medications were depleting.
Why the Types of Treatments: Retraining the Mind
There is a need for counseling as well to understand the process and the experiences that keep sweeping over the person like waves on the beach. Medications keep the symptoms at bay, and the counseling can include guided imagery work to help address the hidden fear of helplessness and vulnerability resulting in dissociation and activities designed to change behaviors as similar sensations appear in life. For instance in an earthquake where the ground starts to slowly vibrate, passing trains and heavy trucks cause similar vibrations in the ground resulting in retriggering of the experience.
Additional work can focus on the emotional components that flood through the person and leave no room for options. Some forms of cognitive intervention work that teach how to stop the flood, even for a few moments allows for initiating new behaviors and blocking the previously inevitable tsunami of anger, fear, self-loathing, and desperation that may lead to the PTSD horror stories in the evening news.
Hang in There: It will be Effective
Although this article is about recovery from PTSD and changing into a survivor, it is also about having people around you that care for you and love you understanding the complexity of the treatment process. It takes years to recover for both the victim and for the family. Even when the victim becomes a survivor, the family may still be held hostage to the memories of the PTSD before treatment started the turnaround. So family therapy is a good idea with a PTSD specialist for the survivor and the family members.
The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) states that approximately 15 million adult Americans and many, more worldwide experience Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). This places it as the single most common chronic anxiety condition that exists. The disorder affects from people from all walks of life and in recent years, entertainer Donny Osmond came forward to announce that he has struggled with SAD since childhood.
Social Phobia Goes Beyond Shyness
Most people experience a degree of shyness when meeting new people or even those they are already acquainted with socially. With SAD, the shyness is extreme and exaggerated, causing the sufferer to feel very uneasy, on-edge or even panicky when he is in a social setting. The typical symptoms of anxiety will manifest when SAD sufferers are in the presence of people they are uncomfortable with, which is usually everyone outside of their immediate family and very close friends.
The symptoms of anxiety experienced by people with SAD include the common ones which are feelings of panic and apprehension, trembling, an urge to escape, rapid heart rate and breathing, muscle tension, feelings of unreality (depersonalization and derealization) and dizziness.
The anxiety symptoms that seem to be more intense in SAD sufferers are feelings of embarrassment, blushing, dry mouth, sweating and feeling that others are judging them. Symptoms can vary among those with SAD, depending on how developed the disorder is. Some will experience symptoms even while meeting with only one person, while symptoms only manifest in others when they are in social settings with several people present.
Inappropriate Timing of the Fight or Flight Response
Research studies by mental health groups in regard to social phobia have found that most patients develop the disorder during childhood. Over time, learned behaviors develop that cause the “fight of flight response” to become triggered more often and at inappropriate times, when SAD sufferers attempt to be active socially. The anxiety itself is not an unnatural emotion but it is the timing of it that becomes disordered (not in the order intended). Socially phobic people have learned to recognize social events and meeting new people, as a threat to them.
Treatments for SAD
There are psychiatric therapies including those in the “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” category that help people with SAD, to change the way they think about social events and settings. They also learn to respond differently to the feelings and symptoms of anxiety, so that they can channel the energy produced by it into putting their best foot forward when meeting new people. It is a therapy that helps anxiety patients to react positively to anxiety, so that it works for them, rather than against them.
There are also medications that can be combined with psychiatric therapies when needed or taken as a single treatment, including anti-anxiety drugs and SSRI anti-depressants. People with SAD should also self-educate about their disorder because knowledge can become power to help them overcome SAD or to greatly diminish the effects of it (coping) in their lives.
With mental illness on the steady increase, disorders such as Depression, Bipolar Disorder and Generalised Anxiety Disorder are becoming widely known. However there is another little known mental illness described by recent studies as the third largest disorder in the United States of America. The name of this disorder is Social Anxiety Disorder.
What is Social Anxiety Disorder?
Social Anxiety Disorder or Social Phobia as it is sometimes called is the anxiety of being evaluated negatively by other people. The fear of judgement experienced by a person with the disorder leads to feelings of inadequacy, embarrassment and humiliation. It also may result in Depression and substance abuse.
Symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder.
Social Anxiety Disorder produces feelings of anxiety when an individual is confronted with a social situation. There are acute physiological symptoms that accompany the disorder. These include:
parched throat and mouth
Situations Causing Distress in People With Social Anxiety Disorder.
Many people are affected by Social Anxiety Disorder. However it is slightly more prevalent in women than in men. Recent studies have shown Social Anxiety Disorder is the third most common mental disorder in the world.
Substance Abuse and Social Anxiety Disorder.
Individuals with Social Anxiety Disorder are more likely to abuse alcohol and drugs as a means of coping with the stress, low self-esteem and depression the disorder causes. According to Timothy J. Bruce PHD, in the article “Social Anxiety Disorder: A Common Underrecognized Mental Disorder”, a significant percent of patients with Social Anxiety Disorder have a dependency on drugs or alcohol. “Up to 16 percent of patients who present with Social Phobia have alcohol abuse problems” says Bruce.
Treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder.
Social Anxiety Disorder is often misdiagnosed as panic attacks or depression. This can make treating the disorder quite difficult. However when correctly diagnosed, a combination of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and medication has been found to be useful in treating individuals with Social Anxiety Disorder.
Despite the prevalence of Social Anxiety Disorder, it is often misdiagnosed. Social Anxiety Disorder is however a very real disorder with specific symptoms. If the symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder are left untreated they can be crippling to the person with the disorder and often result in the individual avoiding all situations involving social contact.
The avoidance of social situations has subsequent, negative consequences to the social, work life and finances of the afflicted individual. However with the right medical help there is a good outcome for those with the disorder. Individuals who believe they may be experiencing the symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder should consult a health professional.
Although users claim they experience different subjective effects from cocaine and amphetamines, in laboratory tests even the most experienced users could not tell the difference between the two drugs.
However, studies have found that methamphetamines may cause a higher rate of psychiatric illness than cocaine, according to Martin H. Leaman’s article in Psychiatric Services. Stimulants are known to cause sympathomimetic, anorectic, and behavioral effects. After chronic use for prolonged periods of time, users may also experience dependence, along with tolerance and reverse tolerance.
Stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines are sympathomimetic drugs, meaning many of the physiological effects are the same as those during emotional arousal. Stimulants cause increases in heat rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and sweating. Blood flow generally decreases to the internal organs and extremities but increases to the large muscle groups and brain, according to Stephen A. Maisto in his book Drug Use and Abuse 5th Edition.
Anorectic Effects of Cocaine and Amphetamines
Cocaine and amphetamines also produce appetite-suppressant or anorectic effects. Amphetamines were once commonly used in diet pills. However, treating obesity with amphetamines is now considered questionable at best, reported Maisto. The anorectic effects from chronic stimulant use can cause dizziness and flu-like symptoms. Many negative effects are attributed to sleep loss and dramatic reduction of caloric intake, according to Maisto.
Mood Elevation and Stimulants
Stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines can initially produce a sense of elation and mood elevation. Users show increased talkativeness, sociability, alertness, and arousal. Stimulants also enhance performance of many physical tasks involving endurance, such as running and swimming. Physical strength may also increase. However, stimulants may also impair one’s ability to learn complex tasks and use reasoning, according to Maisto.
Cocaine and Amphetamine Addiction
Stimulants may also cause addiction. Although withdrawal from stimulants may not be fatal, tolerance and then eventually reverse tolerance may occur in chronic users. Evidence shows significant tolerance is developed to cocaine and amphetamines after continued use. Eventually, prolonged use causes reverse tolerance. Although cocaine and amphetamines have positive effects such as increased sociability, alertness, and physical strength, their addictive natures will eventually cause the negative effects to outweigh the positive effects.
Treatment for Cocaine and Methamphetamine
There are two major methods for treatment methamphetamine and cocaine addiction, the Matrix model and medications. The Matrix Model was started in 1984 by the Matrix Institute, according to the institute’s website. The Matrix approach uses a variety of outpatient techniques including lifestyle changes, relapse prevention training, education, family involvement, and a 12-step program.
There has yet to be a proven effective medication and cocaine rehab miami as well as methamphetamine addiction. However, various new medications have hit the market in the last few years. One of the newer medications is Prometa, which is manufactured by Hythiam. However, the company’s marketing efforts has been criticized for being too aggressive while lacking scientific proof of the drug’s effectiveness, according to an MSNBC article written by Kari Huus.
Tempted to light up a cigarette while with child? There are lots of good reasons not to smoke during pregnancy. Now, new research adds to that growing list – giving women two more good reasons to stay away from tobacco during pregnancy.
Tobacco During Pregnancy and Behavior Problems
A new study published in the medical journal Pediatrics shows that women who smoke during pregnancy may give birth to children who have behavior problems later on in childhood. Specifically, they found that women who lit up while pregnant had a higher risk of an unborn child having conduct problems at age four and a greater chance of engaging in aggressive and rule breaking behavior.
Why the association? Scientists aren’t sure why fetuses exposed to tobacco in utero are more likely to experience behavior problems. It could be a variety of factors from the nicotine in cigarette smoke to the carbon monoxide – both of which can affect the brain.
Smoking During Pregnancy and ADHD
This isn’t the first study to show that exposure to tobacco during pregnancy leads to mental health issues in an unborn child. A Canadian study showed that women who smoked during pregnancy were more likely to have children with ADHD.
A more recent study came to a similar conclusion and showed that some unborn babies may be more susceptible to ADHD when exposed to cigarette smoke in the womb because of biochemical variations in their dopamine pathway – a neurotransmitter that plays a role in memory, problem solving, and attention. Low levels of dopamine are associated with a higher risk for ADHD.
Dads Smoking During Pregnancy is a Problem Too
Another study showed that secondhand smoking from smoking dads can also affect an unborn child. When researchers looked at almost 7,000 children born to moms who didn’t smoke, but dads who did, they found kids exposed to secondhand smoke from dad were more likely to be overweight during childhood – as measured by a higher body mass index. (BMI). Most of these dads smoked daily during the time when the fetus was developing – exposing the unborn baby to significant amounts of secondhand smoke.
Tobacco During Pregnancy: The Bottom Line
This adds to a growing list of reasons not to smoke during pregnancy. Babies exposed to cigarette smoke while in utero are more likely to be born prematurely and to be of low birth weight, which increases the risk for complications. Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals which can affect a growing baby; and nicotine constricts blood vessels which reduces the amount of oxygen and nutrients that cross the placenta to nourish the fetus. The take home message? Smoking during pregnancy is a bad habit all around.
Sudafed, or other medications containing pseudoephidrine, as you know, are no longer available on your drug store shelves. You have to ask for it from the pharmacy counter. A prescription is not needed, but you will be limited in the quantity you can purchase and may have to present ID for their log book.
READ the OTC Labels!
Pharmaceutical companies made choices with some of their products prior to this new law and some changed the formulas in their popular cold medicines. Check the labels on your over-the-counter (OTC) medicines to be sure. It will be listed in the active ingredients area.
Always read OTC medication labels carefully! Many contain the same medications, and you can easily overdose. Ask your pharmacist or health care practitioner for assistance.
Some Changed Formulas Quietly
If your “old favorite” cold medicine doesn’t work as well as it used to, check your ingredients. Chances are good that it contains a different formula. Pharmaceutical companies made these changes quietly and most of their packaging does not indicate an ingredient change.
Quantities Limited to Help Reduce Illicit Drug Manufacture
Now, you may also find yourself limited in purchasing cough formulas containing dextromethorphan. Cough formulas usually designate this by using DM in the name such as Robitussin DM. You may also see it referred to as DXM. Not all cough formulas contain dextromethorphan which is a cough suppressant chemical.
Cough Formula Abuse on the Rise
A new trend is becoming a serious health issue mostly among teenagers who use the DM formula cough syrups to get high. In large doses, dextromethorphan can produced euphoria and hallucinations. Robo-tripping and Skittling are the street terms for this illicit use of cough syrup.
Read the Labels
Some cough medicines don’t use the DM in the product name, but contain it none the less. For instance, some of the popular “Night-Time” and “Day-Time” cough/cold formulas such as NyQuil and DayQuil have dextromethorphan in them. Some pharmacies now won’t let you purchase a bottle of each at the same time, nor more than one bottle of either medication.
It’s Not Just the Cough Syrup
Cough gels, liquid caps and cough tablets can also contain dextromethorphan. Coricidin is one that has been reported to be popular with those looking to get high from the drug, however there are well over 100 OTC medications that contain dextromethorphan.
Alcohol abuse is a serious problem that has negative effects on people other than the abuser. In many cases, with any type of abuse, the abuser tends to think he is the only one affected. He does not think about the problems that his abuse is having on the family, the children, the community, or at work. Even if he understands alcohol is causing potential life damaging problems, breaking away from alcohol once hooked can seem too hard to handle.
What is Alcohol Abuse?
According to About Alcohol Abuse, “alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that can result in physical injury; ongoing alcohol-related relationship problems; the failure to attend to important responsibilities at school, work, or home;” and ongoing problems with driving while intoxicated (DWI) or driving under the influence (DUI) during a year long period.
Signs of alcohol abuse or addiction include:
blaming others for personal problems
using excuses as to why alcohol is needed
unable to go a few hours without a drink
emotional when no alcohol is available
ignoring friends, family, work, or school
constantly spending money on alcohol
fighting with loved ones over alcohol-related issues
constant alcohol-related incidents (DUI, DWI, other types of physical abuse, blackouts)
experience of shaking or twitching if not drinking (body going through withdrawal)
These are problems alcohol abusers often experience. However, alcohol abuse is not just a long term problem, it can be a potentially fatal short term problem as well.
Binge drinking is when a person takes in a large amount of alcohol in a short amount of time. Teenagers and college students often become victim to binge drinking, not because they necessarily intend to, but because they do not completely understand how drunk they really are or how much alcohol is too much.
Statistics have shown that underage drinking is a large problem in the United States, and parents have a huge influence as to whether or not a child drinks. This does not mean the parent influences them or buys alcohol for them, it simply means parents may make drinking look or sound desirable while not meaning to encourage it. However, some parents may discourage it and a child may still do it.
Parents need to make it clear to children, as do many adults, that drinking alcohol can be fatal. Since binge drinking is a problem, talking about the effects of binge drinking is important. Young people need to be cautious, and understand that drinking alcohol (especially binge drinking) can cause physical, social, and mental problems, and may even cause death.
Binge drinking also has the potential to cause embarrassing moments, erratic behavior, blackouts, physical abuse, and accidents which could have been avoided. It can also lead to long term alcohol abuse, and to long term health problems.
Alcohol Abuse Damages the Body
Long term alcohol abuse can harm the body. Drinking over a period of time can cause damage to organs in the body, leading to transplants or death. The most common health problem related to alcohol is liver disease.
One form of liver disease caused by drinking is also known as, alcoholic hepatitis. The symptoms include discoloration of the skin, eyeballs, and urine, fever, abdominal pain. Excessive drinking will cause scarring to the liver (cirrhosis of the liver), and can lead to a liver transplant or death. Even so, if the drinking is stopped, it can be helped through medication or even reversed just by quitting drinking.
Pancreatitis is another problem that can occur from long-term alcohol abuse. The pancreas helps regulate blood sugar levels in the body, and is needed for proper digestion. There is really nothing that can be done for pancreatitis. The symptoms are extreme weight loss and abdominal pain. The ultimate result is death.
Heart disease and different types of cancer can be a result of alcohol abuse. Other problems related with long-term abuse include “irritated stomach lining and bleeding from stomach ulcers, nerve damage, loss of brain cells, epilepsy, vitamin deficiency, obesity, muscle disease, skin problems, infertility, and sexual problems.”
Overall, the bodily harm alcohol can do is not worth the risk. Medical attention is needed immediately if any of these problems occur, and the most important treatment is to stop drinking. With help from a doctor, from family, friends, co-workers, and other sources, it can be done. If this is not enough to cause one to stop abusing alcohol, perhaps taking a good look at relationships and social problems will help.
Alcohol Abuse Leads to Relationship and Social Problems
Alcohol abusers often drink to forget problems, or to avoid problems. Drinking is a way to escape, but in reality drinking causes more problems personally and really provides no escape from life. Every aspect of the drinker’s life is affected by alcohol, and her family life and social life will suffer at some point due to the unnecessary abuse.
Alcohol abuse, in worst case scenarios, results in physical violence. Alcoholics are not mentally aware of their surroundings when they drink. They drink in excess and the alcohol may cause them to hallucinate or act out emotions which may result in harm to others or themselves. However, some abusers may act out violently due to not being able to drink, from the problems the excessive drinking has caused, or use drinking as a cover up for their violent behavior.
In many cases, those who are on the receiving end of an alcoholic’s abuse turn to alcohol, causing them to become an alcoholic as well. Even if their spouse or partner is not an alcoholic, abused women tend to turn to alcohol or other substances to deal with the emotional and physical turmoil.
Children of alcoholics suffer greatly, and despite seeing what can happen, may turn to alcohol as a way to forget the problems. Children of alcoholics have to grow up fast, not enjoy what their friends enjoy, not get items they need, and live with the secret (or in some places a publicly known fact) of having alcoholic parents or family members.
Alcoholism can also cause the alcoholic to become a social outcast. Alcoholics often exclude themselves or are excluded (due to repeated alcohol incidents) because of excessive drinking. This can be devastating. It is bad enough to be an alcoholic, but to become a social outcast or feel like no one will pay attention is very hard.
Alcohol Abuse Help
For anyone who has a problem with alcohol, or knows somebody with a problem needs to seek help immediately. Stop drinking as soon as possible, and go to a doctor, get help from a family member or friend (who can help or find help effectively), or locate substance abuse and treatment facilities online through The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA),” and start living a happier healthier life today.
Sometimes the only way to help individuals addicted to meth is to hold an intervention and help them face drug rehab.
It can be horrible for a person to watch a loved one suffer from the devastating effects of methamphetamine. From the very first time a person tries crystal meth, it begins to wreak havoc on their physical and psychological well being. Sometimes the only way to recover from being addicted to crystal meth is to begin drug rehab.
Crystal Meth Equals the Devil’s Candy
According to some individuals, they believe that crystal meth can be compared to the devil’s candy, for one small taste of this dangerous drug and it can begin to destroy a person’s entire life. Over time, a person addicted to meth will not only act like a completely different person, they will also look like they are suffering from a serious illness.
The drug often takes over a person’s body, causing extreme weight loss, body sores, acne, sunken cheeks and eyes. Over a long period of time, the hair and teeth of a person addicted to meth will also deteriorate.
Drug Rehab can Be an Addicts Only Hope for Recovery
Drug rehab programs are sometimes the only hope left for individuals addicted to meth. In order for a person to get clean and stay clean from crystal meth, the person must get away from the people and things that remind them of their drug abuse. This can be very difficult and this is why drug rehab is sometimes the only way to reach this goal.
According to Nick Hayes on a blog pertaining to Crystal meth addiction information, crystal meth is among the most dangerous of drugs nationwide. This one drug has the power to destroy relationships and take over a person’s life so quickly that family and friends often don’t even know what hit them. Family and friends are often forced to watch their loved one transform into a completely different person both physically and mentally.
The Long Term Effects of Crystal Meth
Crystal meth is often smoked through a glass pipe or crushed and snorted. However, this form of using crystal meth may not last, as many users turn to more dangerous ways of using crystal meth, such as injected it into their veins, for a stronger high. The long term effects of crystal meth can be devastating. Some of the effects are often permanent.
Permanent brain damage that often resembles Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
Distinct facial disfiguration
Rotting teeth and gum disease
Start an Intervention to Help a Loved One Face Drug Rehab
If an individual is forced to watch someone they love suffer from being addicted to meth, sometimes the only way to help them is to intervene. This means gathering a group of people who want to help their loved one and planning an intervention. Have everyone take turns telling their addicted loved one how much it would mean to them to see that person face drug rehab and get clean.
It may even help if individuals show thier loved ones before and after pictures of themselves. Many believe that love can be much more powerful than any drug addiction. So for those who are watching a loved one suffer from being addicted to meth, it’s smart to intervene before it’s too late. There are many drug rehab programs that are highly successful at helping individuals reach sobriety.
Crystal meth is continuing to destroy people’s lives. The drug not only affects the person addicted to meth, it also affects everyone around them. In today’s world, there are so many helpful drug rehab programs that are saving one life after another. It’s time for addicts to stop the cycle and face drug rehab.
Inexpensive euphoria, energy, and weight loss are associated with use of methamphetamine, or speed. This highly addictive central nervous system stimulant sparkles before it is smoked, injected, or snorted intranasally, hence its nickname: crystal. Meth impairs judgment, memory, and reasoning and enhances sexual encounters. Addicts are at high risk for violence and sexually transmitted diseases. Unprotected sex may also lead to pregnancy.
Speed Crosses the Placenta
According to the March of Dimes, methamphetamine crosses the placenta easily and directly affects the developing fetus. Like tobacco, speed constricts blood vessels, raising blood pressure and depriving the placenta of circulation, which the baby needs to grow properly and withstand the stress of labor and birth. Meth use in pregnancy makes preterm labor and stillbirth more likely.
Low birth weight is defined as less than 5½ lbs., even if the pregnancy goes to term. Abnormally small head circumference is associated with learning impairment. Babies born prematurely and those with low birth weight can suffer from respiratory distress, feeding problems, and jaundice. The result may be developmental delays or permanent disabilities.
Crystal Use Effects Brain Development
Prenatal exposure to methamphetamine changes the structure of a baby’s brain. In a study published in the “Journal of Neuroscience”, UCLA researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examined the brains of 21 children ages five and older who were born to meth-using mothers. Compared to normal kids, the meth-exposed children had a smaller part of the brain called the caudate nucleus, which is associated with memory, learning, motivation, and motor control. Animal studies conducted at the University of Toronto seemed to confirm the neurodevelopmental effects of crystal meth. Scientist exposed pregnant mice to methamphetamine only once to produce impaired motor coordination in the babies that lasted for 12 weeks. The experiment was described in the f “Free Radical Biology and Medicine”.
Drug Abuse Can Cause Birth Defects
Records of the Hawaii Birth Defects Program were used to study infants with congenital anomalies born over a 16 year period to assess the impact of prenatal exposure to speed, marijuana, and cocaine. Methamphetamine use during pregnancy was correlated with a significant increase in heart defects, missing fingers and toes, and oral deformities such as cleft palate.
Improving Outcomes is Possible
Addiction changes the structure and function of the user’s brain; that is why it is referred to as a brain disease. The neurotransmitter dopamine is responsible for feelings of pleasure associated with behaviors such as being with friends, creative pursuits, falling in love, or playing with children. Crystal meth triggers dopamine release faster and stronger than normal activities, a strong reinforcement for drug abuse behavior. Over time, as the dopamine system continues to be hijacked by drug use, addicts become incapable of enjoying normal activities. The situation is reversible, but it takes months of hard work to overcome cravings and triggers. Social support, such as from Crystal Meth Anonymous, is needed.
Most mothers do not want to hurt their babies, destroy their families, or die. Fear and guilt about pregnancy may increase drug cravings, but it is important to know that stopping as early as possible gives the baby a chance to “catch up” and improves birth outcomes. Smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, or taking pills along with methamphetamine only compounds the danger. The fewer chemicals ingested, the better. Replace drugs with nourishing food, rest, and extra fluids. Ask for help; many drug treatment programs are licensed to treat pregnant women and will give this population top priority.