Tempted to light up a cigarette while with child? There are lots of good reasons not to smoke during pregnancy. Now, new research adds to that growing list – giving women two more good reasons to stay away from tobacco during pregnancy.
Tobacco During Pregnancy and Behavior Problems
A new study published in the medical journal Pediatrics shows that women who smoke during pregnancy may give birth to children who have behavior problems later on in childhood. Specifically, they found that women who lit up while pregnant had a higher risk of an unborn child having conduct problems at age four and a greater chance of engaging in aggressive and rule breaking behavior.
Why the association? Scientists aren’t sure why fetuses exposed to tobacco in utero are more likely to experience behavior problems. It could be a variety of factors from the nicotine in cigarette smoke to the carbon monoxide – both of which can affect the brain.
Smoking During Pregnancy and ADHD
This isn’t the first study to show that exposure to tobacco during pregnancy leads to mental health issues in an unborn child. A Canadian study showed that women who smoked during pregnancy were more likely to have children with ADHD.
A more recent study came to a similar conclusion and showed that some unborn babies may be more susceptible to ADHD when exposed to cigarette smoke in the womb because of biochemical variations in their dopamine pathway – a neurotransmitter that plays a role in memory, problem solving, and attention. Low levels of dopamine are associated with a higher risk for ADHD.
Dads Smoking During Pregnancy is a Problem Too
Another study showed that secondhand smoking from smoking dads can also affect an unborn child. When researchers looked at almost 7,000 children born to moms who didn’t smoke, but dads who did, they found kids exposed to secondhand smoke from dad were more likely to be overweight during childhood – as measured by a higher body mass index. (BMI). Most of these dads smoked daily during the time when the fetus was developing – exposing the unborn baby to significant amounts of secondhand smoke.
Tobacco During Pregnancy: The Bottom Line
This adds to a growing list of reasons not to smoke during pregnancy. Babies exposed to cigarette smoke while in utero are more likely to be born prematurely and to be of low birth weight, which increases the risk for complications. Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals which can affect a growing baby; and nicotine constricts blood vessels which reduces the amount of oxygen and nutrients that cross the placenta to nourish the fetus. The take home message? Smoking during pregnancy is a bad habit all around.
Sudafed, or other medications containing pseudoephidrine, as you know, are no longer available on your drug store shelves. You have to ask for it from the pharmacy counter. A prescription is not needed, but you will be limited in the quantity you can purchase and may have to present ID for their log book.
READ the OTC Labels!
Pharmaceutical companies made choices with some of their products prior to this new law and some changed the formulas in their popular cold medicines. Check the labels on your over-the-counter (OTC) medicines to be sure. It will be listed in the active ingredients area.
Always read OTC medication labels carefully! Many contain the same medications, and you can easily overdose. Ask your pharmacist or health care practitioner for assistance.
Some Changed Formulas Quietly
If your “old favorite” cold medicine doesn’t work as well as it used to, check your ingredients. Chances are good that it contains a different formula. Pharmaceutical companies made these changes quietly and most of their packaging does not indicate an ingredient change.
Quantities Limited to Help Reduce Illicit Drug Manufacture
Now, you may also find yourself limited in purchasing cough formulas containing dextromethorphan. Cough formulas usually designate this by using DM in the name such as Robitussin DM. You may also see it referred to as DXM. Not all cough formulas contain dextromethorphan which is a cough suppressant chemical.
Cough Formula Abuse on the Rise
A new trend is becoming a serious health issue mostly among teenagers who use the DM formula cough syrups to get high. In large doses, dextromethorphan can produced euphoria and hallucinations. Robo-tripping and Skittling are the street terms for this illicit use of cough syrup.
Read the Labels
Some cough medicines don’t use the DM in the product name, but contain it none the less. For instance, some of the popular “Night-Time” and “Day-Time” cough/cold formulas such as NyQuil and DayQuil have dextromethorphan in them. Some pharmacies now won’t let you purchase a bottle of each at the same time, nor more than one bottle of either medication.
It’s Not Just the Cough Syrup
Cough gels, liquid caps and cough tablets can also contain dextromethorphan. Coricidin is one that has been reported to be popular with those looking to get high from the drug, however there are well over 100 OTC medications that contain dextromethorphan.
Alcohol abuse is a serious problem that has negative effects on people other than the abuser. In many cases, with any type of abuse, the abuser tends to think he is the only one affected. He does not think about the problems that his abuse is having on the family, the children, the community, or at work. Even if he understands alcohol is causing potential life damaging problems, breaking away from alcohol once hooked can seem too hard to handle.
What is Alcohol Abuse?
According to About Alcohol Abuse, “alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that can result in physical injury; ongoing alcohol-related relationship problems; the failure to attend to important responsibilities at school, work, or home;” and ongoing problems with driving while intoxicated (DWI) or driving under the influence (DUI) during a year long period.
Signs of alcohol abuse or addiction include:
blaming others for personal problems
using excuses as to why alcohol is needed
unable to go a few hours without a drink
emotional when no alcohol is available
ignoring friends, family, work, or school
constantly spending money on alcohol
fighting with loved ones over alcohol-related issues
constant alcohol-related incidents (DUI, DWI, other types of physical abuse, blackouts)
experience of shaking or twitching if not drinking (body going through withdrawal)
These are problems alcohol abusers often experience. However, alcohol abuse is not just a long term problem, it can be a potentially fatal short term problem as well.
Binge drinking is when a person takes in a large amount of alcohol in a short amount of time. Teenagers and college students often become victim to binge drinking, not because they necessarily intend to, but because they do not completely understand how drunk they really are or how much alcohol is too much.
Statistics have shown that underage drinking is a large problem in the United States, and parents have a huge influence as to whether or not a child drinks. This does not mean the parent influences them or buys alcohol for them, it simply means parents may make drinking look or sound desirable while not meaning to encourage it. However, some parents may discourage it and a child may still do it.
Parents need to make it clear to children, as do many adults, that drinking alcohol can be fatal. Since binge drinking is a problem, talking about the effects of binge drinking is important. Young people need to be cautious, and understand that drinking alcohol (especially binge drinking) can cause physical, social, and mental problems, and may even cause death.
Binge drinking also has the potential to cause embarrassing moments, erratic behavior, blackouts, physical abuse, and accidents which could have been avoided. It can also lead to long term alcohol abuse, and to long term health problems.
Alcohol Abuse Damages the Body
Long term alcohol abuse can harm the body. Drinking over a period of time can cause damage to organs in the body, leading to transplants or death. The most common health problem related to alcohol is liver disease.
One form of liver disease caused by drinking is also known as, alcoholic hepatitis. The symptoms include discoloration of the skin, eyeballs, and urine, fever, abdominal pain. Excessive drinking will cause scarring to the liver (cirrhosis of the liver), and can lead to a liver transplant or death. Even so, if the drinking is stopped, it can be helped through medication or even reversed just by quitting drinking.
Pancreatitis is another problem that can occur from long-term alcohol abuse. The pancreas helps regulate blood sugar levels in the body, and is needed for proper digestion. There is really nothing that can be done for pancreatitis. The symptoms are extreme weight loss and abdominal pain. The ultimate result is death.
Heart disease and different types of cancer can be a result of alcohol abuse. Other problems related with long-term abuse include “irritated stomach lining and bleeding from stomach ulcers, nerve damage, loss of brain cells, epilepsy, vitamin deficiency, obesity, muscle disease, skin problems, infertility, and sexual problems.”
Overall, the bodily harm alcohol can do is not worth the risk. Medical attention is needed immediately if any of these problems occur, and the most important treatment is to stop drinking. With help from a doctor, from family, friends, co-workers, and other sources, it can be done. If this is not enough to cause one to stop abusing alcohol, perhaps taking a good look at relationships and social problems will help.
Alcohol Abuse Leads to Relationship and Social Problems
Alcohol abusers often drink to forget problems, or to avoid problems. Drinking is a way to escape, but in reality drinking causes more problems personally and really provides no escape from life. Every aspect of the drinker’s life is affected by alcohol, and her family life and social life will suffer at some point due to the unnecessary abuse.
Alcohol abuse, in worst case scenarios, results in physical violence. Alcoholics are not mentally aware of their surroundings when they drink. They drink in excess and the alcohol may cause them to hallucinate or act out emotions which may result in harm to others or themselves. However, some abusers may act out violently due to not being able to drink, from the problems the excessive drinking has caused, or use drinking as a cover up for their violent behavior.
In many cases, those who are on the receiving end of an alcoholic’s abuse turn to alcohol, causing them to become an alcoholic as well. Even if their spouse or partner is not an alcoholic, abused women tend to turn to alcohol or other substances to deal with the emotional and physical turmoil.
Children of alcoholics suffer greatly, and despite seeing what can happen, may turn to alcohol as a way to forget the problems. Children of alcoholics have to grow up fast, not enjoy what their friends enjoy, not get items they need, and live with the secret (or in some places a publicly known fact) of having alcoholic parents or family members.
Alcoholism can also cause the alcoholic to become a social outcast. Alcoholics often exclude themselves or are excluded (due to repeated alcohol incidents) because of excessive drinking. This can be devastating. It is bad enough to be an alcoholic, but to become a social outcast or feel like no one will pay attention is very hard.
Alcohol Abuse Help
For anyone who has a problem with alcohol, or knows somebody with a problem needs to seek help immediately. Stop drinking as soon as possible, and go to a doctor, get help from a family member or friend (who can help or find help effectively), or locate substance abuse and treatment facilities online through The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA),” and start living a happier healthier life today.
Sometimes the only way to help individuals addicted to meth is to hold an intervention and help them face drug rehab.
It can be horrible for a person to watch a loved one suffer from the devastating effects of methamphetamine. From the very first time a person tries crystal meth, it begins to wreak havoc on their physical and psychological well being. Sometimes the only way to recover from being addicted to crystal meth is to begin drug rehab.
Crystal Meth Equals the Devil’s Candy
According to some individuals, they believe that crystal meth can be compared to the devil’s candy, for one small taste of this dangerous drug and it can begin to destroy a person’s entire life. Over time, a person addicted to meth will not only act like a completely different person, they will also look like they are suffering from a serious illness.
The drug often takes over a person’s body, causing extreme weight loss, body sores, acne, sunken cheeks and eyes. Over a long period of time, the hair and teeth of a person addicted to meth will also deteriorate.
Drug Rehab can Be an Addicts Only Hope for Recovery
Drug rehab programs are sometimes the only hope left for individuals addicted to meth. In order for a person to get clean and stay clean from crystal meth, the person must get away from the people and things that remind them of their drug abuse. This can be very difficult and this is why drug rehab is sometimes the only way to reach this goal.
According to Nick Hayes on a blog pertaining to Crystal meth addiction information, crystal meth is among the most dangerous of drugs nationwide. This one drug has the power to destroy relationships and take over a person’s life so quickly that family and friends often don’t even know what hit them. Family and friends are often forced to watch their loved one transform into a completely different person both physically and mentally.
The Long Term Effects of Crystal Meth
Crystal meth is often smoked through a glass pipe or crushed and snorted. However, this form of using crystal meth may not last, as many users turn to more dangerous ways of using crystal meth, such as injected it into their veins, for a stronger high. The long term effects of crystal meth can be devastating. Some of the effects are often permanent.
Permanent brain damage that often resembles Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
Distinct facial disfiguration
Rotting teeth and gum disease
Start an Intervention to Help a Loved One Face Drug Rehab
If an individual is forced to watch someone they love suffer from being addicted to meth, sometimes the only way to help them is to intervene. This means gathering a group of people who want to help their loved one and planning an intervention. Have everyone take turns telling their addicted loved one how much it would mean to them to see that person face drug rehab and get clean.
It may even help if individuals show thier loved ones before and after pictures of themselves. Many believe that love can be much more powerful than any drug addiction. So for those who are watching a loved one suffer from being addicted to meth, it’s smart to intervene before it’s too late. There are many drug rehab programs that are highly successful at helping individuals reach sobriety.
Crystal meth is continuing to destroy people’s lives. The drug not only affects the person addicted to meth, it also affects everyone around them. In today’s world, there are so many helpful drug rehab programs that are saving one life after another. It’s time for addicts to stop the cycle and face drug rehab.
Inexpensive euphoria, energy, and weight loss are associated with use of methamphetamine, or speed. This highly addictive central nervous system stimulant sparkles before it is smoked, injected, or snorted intranasally, hence its nickname: crystal. Meth impairs judgment, memory, and reasoning and enhances sexual encounters. Addicts are at high risk for violence and sexually transmitted diseases. Unprotected sex may also lead to pregnancy.
Speed Crosses the Placenta
According to the March of Dimes, methamphetamine crosses the placenta easily and directly affects the developing fetus. Like tobacco, speed constricts blood vessels, raising blood pressure and depriving the placenta of circulation, which the baby needs to grow properly and withstand the stress of labor and birth. Meth use in pregnancy makes preterm labor and stillbirth more likely.
Low birth weight is defined as less than 5½ lbs., even if the pregnancy goes to term. Abnormally small head circumference is associated with learning impairment. Babies born prematurely and those with low birth weight can suffer from respiratory distress, feeding problems, and jaundice. The result may be developmental delays or permanent disabilities.
Crystal Use Effects Brain Development
Prenatal exposure to methamphetamine changes the structure of a baby’s brain. In a study published in the “Journal of Neuroscience”, UCLA researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examined the brains of 21 children ages five and older who were born to meth-using mothers. Compared to normal kids, the meth-exposed children had a smaller part of the brain called the caudate nucleus, which is associated with memory, learning, motivation, and motor control. Animal studies conducted at the University of Toronto seemed to confirm the neurodevelopmental effects of crystal meth. Scientist exposed pregnant mice to methamphetamine only once to produce impaired motor coordination in the babies that lasted for 12 weeks. The experiment was described in the f “Free Radical Biology and Medicine”.
Drug Abuse Can Cause Birth Defects
Records of the Hawaii Birth Defects Program were used to study infants with congenital anomalies born over a 16 year period to assess the impact of prenatal exposure to speed, marijuana, and cocaine. Methamphetamine use during pregnancy was correlated with a significant increase in heart defects, missing fingers and toes, and oral deformities such as cleft palate.
Improving Outcomes is Possible
Addiction changes the structure and function of the user’s brain; that is why it is referred to as a brain disease. The neurotransmitter dopamine is responsible for feelings of pleasure associated with behaviors such as being with friends, creative pursuits, falling in love, or playing with children. Crystal meth triggers dopamine release faster and stronger than normal activities, a strong reinforcement for drug abuse behavior. Over time, as the dopamine system continues to be hijacked by drug use, addicts become incapable of enjoying normal activities. The situation is reversible, but it takes months of hard work to overcome cravings and triggers. Social support, such as from Crystal Meth Anonymous, is needed.
Most mothers do not want to hurt their babies, destroy their families, or die. Fear and guilt about pregnancy may increase drug cravings, but it is important to know that stopping as early as possible gives the baby a chance to “catch up” and improves birth outcomes. Smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, or taking pills along with methamphetamine only compounds the danger. The fewer chemicals ingested, the better. Replace drugs with nourishing food, rest, and extra fluids. Ask for help; many drug treatment programs are licensed to treat pregnant women and will give this population top priority.
More stimulating than cocaine, crystal meth addiction is increasing.
Slowly becoming as popular as cocaine, crystal methamphetamine is one of the most stimulating drugs on the illicit market. Crystal meth is more stimulating than cocaine, and it brings with it more severe consequences. For those people who have succumbed to the crystal meth addiction, they suffer from numerous side effects in multiple organs including what is called “meth psychosis” which leaves the meth addict with delusions of grandeur.
Crystal Meth Effects on the Brain
Crystal meth is reportedly one of the longer euphoric highs from all the illicit drugs. Methamphetamine gives the drug addict a sudden feeling of wellness and happiness for six to twelve hours. Unfortunately, this feeling is not attainable with initial levels of crystal meth, so the drug addict needs to increase the dosage continually to get high.
The reason for the euphoric effects of crystal meth is its increased levels of dopamine release in the brain. Normal exercise and activity gives the human brain 100 to 200 more units of dopamine. In comparison, use of crystal meth gives the human brain up to 1,200 units of dopamine release giving the drug addict the most euphoric feeling of any other drug including cocaine. Unfortunately, after long term use, crystal meth destroys the dopamine release transmitters in the brain, so increased degradation of judgment and motor coordination is seen that is similar to Parkinson ’s disease.
Prolonged crystal methamphetamine use switches the euphoric feeling to psychosis and violent behaviors that leaves the drug addict in harm of himself and others. Crystal meth causes the drug addict’s brain to release epinephrine, or adrenaline, which is the body’s “fight or flight” hormone. The release is detrimental for the health of the drug addict and the people with whom he comes into contact.
Visible Side Effects of Crystal Meth
The signs in Las Vegas of the “Faces of Meth” victims are only too true for those who have been through the devastating effects of crystal meth. Crystal meth lowers the drug addict’s appetite which leaves his body looking worn. The sunken cheeks of a crystal meth addict are indicative of the poor diet from the drug. Crystal meth keeps drug addicts awake for days, and they feel no desire to eat. The poor diet takes a direct toll on their skin, hair, and especially the teeth.
The common “meth mouth” is because crystal methamphetamine lowers the secretion of the saliva in the mouth. The decreased amounts of saliva allow the acidic components in the mouth to chew away the crystal meth addict’s enamel in his teeth which causes them to rot and decay.
Treatment for Crystal Meth Addiction
If you believe your loved one is addicted to crystal meth, it’s imperative that you help him seek treatment. Crystal meth addiction is a serious disease that can cause numerous, irreparable side effects that need medical attention. Additionally, there is a psychological addiction that crystal meth addicts need to face, so they need the help of a psychologist to assist them.
One of the hardest choices facing a family is the intervention and treatment of a teenager who has an alcohol or drug addiction issue. The adolescent’s level of addiction, attitude toward recovery and the family’s resources will help guide the family through the options of drug treatment programs available.
In making the selection, it is important parents keep in mind addiction to drugs and alcohol is first and foremost a medical condition. Other areas including social, educational and economic concerns may be critical in the treatment of the condition but they did little to contribute to the addiction. Therefore, parents need to make selections, free of guilt but guided by concern for the best interest of the teenager, within family resources.
The Centers for the Study of Addiction and Recovery in the College of Human Sciences at Texas Tech University suggests the following categories in its training curriculum of Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselors.
Medical Condition and Treatment
Depending on how long the teen has been addicted to the substance, different levels of medical intervention will be necessary. This will need to be done at a hospital, generally a psychiatric ward or specific drug recovery program. The first step of treatment is known as detoxification. The goal of detox is to rid the body of the abused substance and allow the patient’s body to return to normal chemical levels. In addition, medication will be used to make withdrawal as comfortable as possible.
Short Term Behavioral Modification
These programs are designed to primarily detoxify abusers and introduce them to behavior modification recovery programs such as Alcoholic Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. These programs are likely to be offered at any major hospital and stays typically last 3-7 days, depending upon the amount of medical intervention program. Expect costs to run between $500 to $1500 a day. Extremely motivated patients may succeed in recovery by immediately finding a sponsor in AA or NA and attending 90 meetings in 90 days. Long term efficacy is about 20% lifetime recovery.
Mid-Term Behavioral Modification Programs
In addition to short term medical program interventions, these programs include intensive patient education, behavioral modification, intense counseling and personal therapy and, again, introduction to AA/MA type programs. These are offered at specialty hospitals and rehabilitation centers. Programs of this type may last up to 90 days and costs vary widely. The National Institutes of Health maintain a list of accredited facilities.
When extensive addiction has been present or when other modalities have failed, parents may need to consider residential programs. These programs offer services beyond short term and most mid-term treatment programs. Essentially, residential care is like sending your teenager to boarding school. Here teenagers will receive medical treatment, ongoing counseling, ongoing behavior modification, extensive AA/NA opportunities as well as educational services. Prices for these programs are prohibitively expensive for most families without the family taking out loans or second mortgages. Efficacy of successful treatment of these programs may be as high as 80% life time recovery.
If your teenager has been convicted of a crime involving drugs or alcohol, it is likely the judge will be very interested in how the family intends to approach the treatment of the addiction. If the family has limited resources or if the adolescent has been in trouble before, the judge is likely to commit the adolescent to a correctional rehabilitation program with a sentence length in line with the level of crime. While it can be overwhelming of thinking about your teenager enduring correctional programs, they can be very effective. The teen will continue to receive medical, psychiatric, behavior modification and educational services.
Some schools and cities offer “scared straight ” classes for first time offenders where they are taken through the booking process of going to jail and are allowed to talk with inmates. This can be an effective deterrent for some teenagers.
If your teenager needs treatment, it is important to remember he or she has developed a medical condition. It is necessary to take time to select the right rehab center and approach. Universally, all programs offer medical intervention to detox the patient and then some type of behavioral modification. Rehab choices depend on the degree of the addiction, financial resources and whether or not the courts are involved in the process.
According to the American Heart Association there are around 59 million people in the United States alone that have what is termed “prediabetes”. While diabetes isn’t reversible, prediabetes can be reversed and never fully develop into diabetes with proper control and diet. It is where the blood glucose, or blood sugar, is still a little higher than what is normal but not so high that it is in the diabetic ranges yet.
Prediabetes is also the condition that is called IGT (impaired glucose tolerance) or IFG (impaired fasting glucose). These terms show it in a more complex manner. Prediabetes just is a simple way to say it is a developing condition to diabetes, while IFG or IGT shows the correct condition of the body not being able to process glucose as fast as should be. The impaired fasting glucose name shows that patients usually have a slightly higher than normal waking blood sugar.
Alcohol and its consumption is a risk factor for developing diabetes. Heavy use makes the risk go even higher. Other risk factors include a family history, hypertension, and being overweight for your height. Race is a factor as people of color have a higher risk. The older you get the more your risk factors go up, along with any smoking or gestational diabetes history.
Use of alcohol increases a diabetic’s risk of going into hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. According to the American Diabetes Association, the liver starts to clean the blood of alcohol before it can send out glucose again. When this blood sugar starts to dip it can fall at a rapid pace and affect the diabetic severely. As little as two drinks when there is not food to help dissipate the alcohol can make a diabetic go into low blood sugar.
There are several diabetic medications on the market that will be affected with any alcohol use. Medications such as Micronase and DiaBeta will lower the amount of glucose in the blood. Combining those medications with alcohol (that keeps glucose from being sent out from the liver) can develop a potentially deadly case of hypoglycemia.
There are many types of alcoholic drinks that are seeping in calories. For a pre-diabetic getting this additional calorie intake can lead to weight gain which can go against everything a pre-diabetic needs to do to keep from getting diabetes. While one smart drink every so often will be fine, as long as you do so while eating and limit it to one, having several can lead to complications.
AA – Alcoholics Anonymous; Worldwide fellowship from which all 12-step “programs” have stemmed.
ACOA – Adult Child Of Alcoholic
Addiction – A physical and/or psychological need to continue to use the substance in question
Al-Anon – 12-Step based fellowship of family, friends, and those affected by alcoholism and addiction
Alcoholism – A condition where the consumption of alcohol has caused disruption in one or many areas of a person’s life, including family, employment, psychological state, health, spirituality, or other areas important to the individual.
AODD – Alcohol and Other Drug Dependence; abbreviation often used clinically but also in chat rooms and discussion boards as a way for individuals to quickly indicate that they are addicted to all drugs of dependence.
Codependent – Coined originally to describe the relationship between an alcoholic and their partner. Now used more loosely to describe actions of enabling, lack of self esteem, and an unhealthy need to “fix” another person.
Comorbidity – when more than one “disorder” or illness exists; most often used when describing the presence of addiction alongside one or more mental health disorders (depression, bipolar, panic disorder, etc).
Dependence – Commonly used to describe the physical aspect of addiction after chemical changes have caused the body or mind to feel discomfort if the substance is not present (i.e. withdrawal symptoms, or “I cannot handle my anxiety level going outside unless I am stoned”)
IOP – Intensive Outpatient Treatment; common as next step for those leaving inpatient treatment, or alternative for those who cannot leave work or afford to go to residential treatment facilities for their alcohol & drug abuse issues. Provides auxiliary or alternative support to AA, NA, and other self-help groups.
Is there REALLY a cure for addiction and alcoholism?
It is easy to find medical treatment and therapy for a number of diseases. However, others like cancer and addiction are both at the same level in terms of the “right” treatment. For years, finding the right remedy has been extremely hard for the suffering individual.
According to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, a cure is something (drug or medical treatment) that stops a disease and makes one healthy once again. For addiction, a cure is definitely available; however, this kind of disease needs a behavioral approach.
An individual who is into substance abuse needs to retrain his or her brain functions to once again become “normal.” A successful treatment program’s aim, therefore, is for the individual to acquire an improved social behavior and a life that is not dependent on drugs or alcohol. Don’t think its just hard drugs or alcohol as well. This article, http://agriarnano.com/effects-of-ambien/ shows that there are big time dangers in abusing prescription drugs.
Brain retraining, more than anything else, is important to control addiction. While there is no definite cure for addiction or alcoholism, there are still ways or methods that will help improve the addictive person’s behavior.
Here are some effective steps in managing addiction and alcoholism:
The Individual Admits His Or Her Problem
The first thing that an individual who is into substance abuse must do is realize that he or she has a problem with addiction. This is, first and foremost, an essential step towards recovery. If he or she continues to be in denial, any treatment will be worthless. These people should be able to learn about the nature of their addiction to be able to completely understand that they need help as soon as possible. If they are educated, for sure, they will be open to treatment.
The Addict Undergoes A Detox Phase
Addicts need to go through detoxification. Time frames for detox vary. Cocaine is one of the longer detox periods, but it also depends on your body and how long you were addicted. By far, this is the most difficult part because physical withdrawal effects can take place anytime. Typically, this phase should be completed in a registered medical facility. However, the option to do it at home can be done with strict supervision. The process of detoxification is done for the body to get rid of all the toxins brought forth by the drug or alcohol.
Physical withdrawal symptoms during the detox phase can range from simply uncomfortable feelings to life-threatening ones, such as delirium tremens. Medications are sometimes prescribed by physicians to alleviate the physical discomforts.
Loved Ones And Substance Abuser Decides For The Right Treatment Option
This stage can be decided before the actual detoxification stage takes place. The choice for treatment varies according to age, gender, and types of addiction. There are facilities that offer services for all kinds of dependency, but others specialize in one particular field of addiction.
The treatment options can also vary in terms of location. There are treatment programs that should be offered in an inpatient facility, while a few others provide lenient programs that exercise patient’s choices. The bottom line is that a lot of factors should be considered in choosing the best treatment option for the addictive person, the family can help in the decision process along the way.
Sobriety is a personal choice, especially after treatment. The success of the treatment is often determined in the person’s coping skills post-treatment program. Hence, a post-treatment plan should be established to keep him away from going back to his old habit.